Vaccination is among the best ways to protect your baby from dangerous diseases like rubella and polio. It is wise to invest in your baby’s health through complete immunization. Here is a suggested infant immunization schedule:
Hepatitis B exposes your baby to liver damage and even early death. Babies can get it if they are exposed to it at birth, or they can contract it later as they are growing up. Remember, Hepatitis B is highly infectious. To protect them at birth and as they grow up, babies should be given Hepatitis B Vaccine or HBV. The best time to give the shot is right after birth. It can also be given during the first and second months, or between six to 18 months, making it a total of three shots. If the newborn baby is less than four and a half pounds, the shot is often postponed until the baby is a month old. Babies usually suffer from a mild fever as one of the side effects.
A DTap shot deals with three diseases at once—diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, or what people know as whooping cough. Diphtheria, a bacterial illness, can cause weakness, fever and sore throat. The baby may also have difficulty in breathing and swallowing. The toxins produced by the bacteria may then affect body organs, causing paralysis or heart problems. Tetanus is a severe bacterial infection mostly from wounds and causes lockjaw, seizures, or even death. Pertussis is a contagious bacterial infection that can lead to seizures, pneumonia, brain damage, and death.
DTap vaccine can protect your baby from these three ailments. It is given in six shots when the baby is between two months to 12 years of age. It can also be given when the child is aged four to six years. There is also a booster shot at age 11 or 12 years. Babies less than six weeks old are not yet ready for DTap V.
This vaccine protects the baby from severe bacterial infections that may lead to ailments, such as epiglottitis, severe pneumonia, and meningitis. Babies are given three to four doses starting at two months. It can also be given when the baby is four or six months old, or 12 to 15 months. Babies less than six weeks old are not yet ready for Hib V.
Polio is caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. It often does not show clear symptoms, so it is best treated before it happens. The four doses of the vaccine, sometimes given together with DTap, Hepatitis B, or Hib vaccines, should be administered when the baby is two months old. It can also be given at four months old, between six and 18 months, or between four to six years old. Babies with risky allergic reaction to some antibiotics should not get the shot.
Pneumococcal Vaccine (PCV)
Pneumococcal infections can lead to meningitis. It is spread around through coughing and sneezing. Fortunately, it can be controlled or prevented in babies and older kids by taking four doses of vaccine, given ideally on the second, fourth or sixth month from birth, or between the 12th and 15th month. Babies with allergic reactions to previous PCV shots or other immunization shots are not allowed to have PCV.
This vaccine prevents aggravated diarrhea in babies. Before the baby is eight months old, two to three doses must be given. The ideal age is two months old. Beyond eight months, it is not sure whether the vaccine will still work effectively.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDCP, says flu vaccines should be given to everyone, including six-month old babies. Two doses may be required for babies six months to eight years of age.
This vaccine helps prevent chicken pox, measles, mumps, and Rubella or German measles in babies and kids. The recommended age for giving two shots is between 12 to 15 months.
This is also known as the chicken pox shot. Two shots of some three months apart are recommended starting at age 12 to 15 months. It can also be given between four to six years.
Doctors are bound to recommend more vaccines for your baby, so be sure to take your baby to regular checkups. Always consult the doctor about your baby’s health, especially when it comes to infant immunization schedule and other requirements.