Your child’s play area should be cleared of sharp and pointed objects that may cause your child to sustain a cut wound. Things like paper clips, scissors, and metal lead caps of bottles can serve as cut inflictors. Even plastic objects can have sharp edges when broken.
Thus, sometimes it happens—children accidentally cut themselves with sharp objects and parents or adults around should know what to do. Here are some effective first aids when your child has a cut.
1Wash the cut.
It’s important to wash the cut immediately with soap and running water. This reduces the incidence of infection, especially if the object responsible for the cut is dirty or has bacterial contamination.
2Check the sharp edge that made the cut.
Next, check the edge of the object that caused the cut to see if it is stained with dirt. Watch especially if it is stained with rust which may cause tetanus. Objects like nails jutting out of walls or angled metals jutting out of table corners or appliances can accumulate rust over time due to wear and tear. If there is a sign of rust or dirt, consult your pediatrician for possible anti-tetanus shot. In some cases, with or without rust, kids are given the shot just to make sure.
3Wash the cut from contact with animal teeth.
Kids like playing with pets like dogs and cats. In case they sustain a cut due to contact with the teeth of an animal, thoroughly wash the wound with soap and water. If you’re sure your pets have been properly vaccinated with anti-rabies shots, you may want to make doubly sure by still consulting your pediatrician about it. In some cases, doctors recommend anti-rabies shots just the same to make sure your kid is safe.
Moreover, make sure the cut was not sustained from the teeth of a stray animal. If it was, an anti-rabies shot is definitely called for.
4Press on the wound.
When your child has a cut that doesn’t stop bleeding, press on the wound with enough pressure using a clean cloth or your clean forefinger and middle finger. Keep pressing until the bleeding stops. The blood clot often takes 3 to 10 minutes to take place, depending on the size of the cut. In worse cases where there is profuse bleeding, raise the injured part or limb higher than the kid’s heart to help stop bleeding. But don’t do this if the limb near the wounded part is broken.
In case the bleeding still doesn’t stop, cover the wound with a clean gauze or a bandage. If bleeding seeps through, let the gauze or bandage remain and put new ones on top of them. Then take your kid to the nearest hospital.